Perhaps man discovered agriculture and pest control methods nearly simultaneously, and since then, the fight is on. Now, as if agricultural pests were not enough, there is a big menace of domestic pests, too. Of which termites, or white ants as they are generally called, are most dreaded as they feed on just about anything organic. Surprisingly enough, they can bore through six feet thick concrete and live for ages without food.
Pest Control Methods
Pest control methods largely differ for domestic and agriculture applications. Traditional methods of pest control in agriculture mainly included crop rotation, selective breeding and companion planting. Low flying airplanes are made use of in sprinkling chemical pesticides over large fields.
Chemical pest control methods are quite old and are said to be in practice since 4000 or 4500 years. But closer to date, pyrethrum and derris were introduced which were followed by better synthetic pesticides like DDT and other herbicides.
The Domestic Scenario
But domestic pest problem is almost entirely different. The major pests that bother us are termites, rodents, mosquitoes and bed bugs. You can almost call termites as terror-mites. These soft looking, unassuming ant like insects, belong to two types: subterranean and dry wood termites, belonging to over 2000 species. Both of them subsist on cellulose.
How Do You Know?
A thorough inspection of critical areas (without dismantling) by professionals reveals whether your home is infested by termites or is vulnerable for attacks. Inspection may require instruments sometimes.
Pest Control Agencies
Living beagles can sniff out the termites. Protimeter for mold detection, scanning and acoustic infrared sensors, resistographs and fractometers are other instruments generally used by the agencies.
What Do They Do
Fumigation, spot treatment and removal of infested wood are some immediate options. While fumigation exterminates dry wood termites, a certified applicator’s presence is necessary before during and after fumigating and aeration to allow occupancy. But dry wood termites need wood penetrating fumigants. For subterranean types, following manufacturer’s instructions is essential which include pouring pesticides into holes drilled at regular intervals around the infested area.
Flys, mosquitoes and bugs are controlled by chemicals prallethrin, and the normally available rat poisons. But don’t use them without expert advice.
Choosing an Expert
You need an expert when buying real estate at far off places or when pest controlling the entire home. Keep these points in your mind when choosing one:
- Take neighbors’ recommendations based on their satisfaction level.
- Taking hasty decisions won’t help as you need professional expertise; look for one by checking with their past clients.
- Check their authenticity, whether they are registered by the local authorities or are they members of National Pest Management Association etc.
- Check what the guarantees cover and get things in writing.
- Check for legal restrictions on commercial applicators; call Environmental Protection Agency for confirmation.
- Beware of those who offer huge discounts. After all you want value, not price.